Drosophila, the fly
| Drosophila melanogaster,
the fruit fly, is a cosmopolitan holometabolous insect, that is found in
all warm countries, while in cooler regions, it is established by migrants
during the summer or can ovewinter in warm places. Drosophila melanogaster
was introduced into the field of genetic experiments by Thomas Hunt Morgan
in 1909. Since then the work with this fly has been enormously expanded.
Due to the many advantages for genetic studies as
classical and molecular genetis as well as developmental biology.
"It would be not an exaggeration to say that we have learned more about the basic laws of heredity from the study of this fly than from work on all other organisms combined."
Milislav Demerec and Berwind P. Kaufmann
Table: Taxonomy of Drosophila melanogaster